how to care for strawberry plants after harvest

If you have it, you can also add a cup of compost or a half cup of worm castings per plant. Strawberry plants need lots of space around them to grow and fruit well, so make sure plants are well-spaced and keep air circulating by removing any netting or covering that was protecting the fruit from the birds. Watering. Daughter plants that grow from "runner" vines will provide new plants that should bear quite well next year (strawberry plants are typically reproduced professionally through "runner" plants rather than by seeds). Expect strawberry plants to crop successfully for four years before replacing them. Clare Foggett The first job to do is to remove the straw mulch spread below strawberry plants to protect the fruit from soil splash. Strawberry plants can produce fruit for five or six years. It takes a lot of energy for the strawberry plant to fruit, and without proper care, the second harvest's fruits may be small or nonexistent. Crop rotation has many advantages: the roots of the strawberry plants don't have a chance to get bound up, infestations of diseases are less likely, and rotation is an effective method of weed control. ... You are now in the loop on how to plant, grow, care for, harvest, and store strawberries. Once it is rooted, detach the runner from the parent plant. ... How to care for June-bearing ... and put in another strawberry bed in a different area. For the first week after planting, water your strawberries daily at the end of the day. Strawberry plants have a short life expectancy as a perennial. If possible, use a soaker hose or a drip irrigation system to water strawberries. Once you have a strawberry bed going, you need to renovate and renew it every year, to maintain healthy yields. Fertilize with all-purpose granules for strong growth. Caring for the fragrant berry is a long process, almost all-season, but having felt the care of the gardener, strawberries do not stint reward him with a generous harvest. EDITORIAL Strawberries are so versatile – they just need sun, shelter, and fertile, well-drained soil. Also shear off all the unwanted runners, which will have gone crazy at this time of year – although if you need to, save some for propagating (see below). If you want to know how to winterize strawberry plants in a raised bed, the instructions will be a bit different and more detailed.For those that are in the ground, begin by thinning out any runners that you do not intend to keep for fruiting next year. These buds begin forming in late summer and continue forming until early fall. Fertilize after harvest with a general purpose fertilizer. Water in spring and up to harvest time is probably the most important need of strawberry plants. Mow the strawberry plants down with a lawnmower to get rid of any pests or ... After-Harvest Care of Raspberries. There’s stunning photography from the world’s top garden photographers, as well as insightful writing from experts. Renovate your strawberry patch after harvest for June-bearing varieties. Once the days of growing have started to come to a close, strawberry beds need to be prepared for the cold that’s going to be settling in. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If your first harvest was full of smaller berries, consider changing the soil so the second harvest is better. Learn about winter care for strawberry plants now on Gardener's Path. They are problematic because they can spread viruses between plants and this could cause the plant to become sickly. It takes a lot of energy for the strawberry plant to fruit, and without proper care, the second harvest's fruits may be small or nonexistent. Hardy strawberry plants will come up year after year if you winterize them properly. On the other hand, the ever bearing plants won’t grow daughters so you won’t need that much space for these. An annual top dressing – again with growmore, bonemeal or seaweed maxicrop will give much increased yields and also aids fruit quality and the health of the plant. Plant the strawberries so their roots are just buried, about 30-45cm apart, then firm the soil around them. Although fertilizing helps the strawberries, you may need to transplant the plants into new soil or add fresh soil, depending on the garden's size. Consider how to care for the soil after harvesting strawberries. Plant bare-rooted strawberry runners in spring or late summer/autumn. If you have everbearing strawberry plants, you may want to plant them individually in mounded hills. ... And to healthy plants and a big harvest next year! Renovate June-bearing varieties within three weeks of the final midsummer harvest. To renovate, thin the plants in the rows to about 6 inches apart (5 to 6 plants per square foot is the maximum acceptable). Runners may however be left on a fully mature plant if you are looking to plant more. Apply the fertilizer when the plant's leaves are dry, which means the soil is also quite dry. CLICK TO DOWNLOAD, Strawberry plants: what to do after fruiting. A young strawberry plant will not fruit as well if the runners aren’t removed as they use up too much energy. Soil nutrients can be depleted considerably after the first strawberry harvest. Whether you want a June-bearing plant or everbearing strawberry variety, we recommend buying your strawberry plant online or from your local home improvement store. Illuminated gardens to visit this Christmas, Bare-root roses: Growing tips and variety recommendations, Winter houseplant care: How to look after your houseplants this season, In pictures: IGPOTY reveals beautiful winning nature photographs, plant these new strawberries into new beds, Enjoy a stunning Hyacinth display this Christmas. After harvesting a June bearing strawberry plant, it is time to prepare the plants for next season. Prepare the soil by digging in plenty of well-rotted garden compost and apply a dressing of sulphate of potash fertiliser. Everbearing strawberry plants require specific planting and care compared to other fruit plants, but they produce a few strawberry yields every harvesting season. In strawberry plants, aphids feed on the juice from the leaves. To widen your harvest window, it’s a great idea to have strawberry plants … Happy Gardening – Jim and Mary. Fall Care For June Bearing Strawberry Plants. Sign up on the right. Fertilise with blood, fish and bone (a handful per square metre / yard) in March. Grow a Strawberry Mint Plant From a Seed or Pre-existing Plant. Therefore you should buy new young plants every few years. If you grow perpetual strawberries (also known as autumn-fruiting or ever-bearing, such as ‘Flamenco’), which crop later in the year, all you need do in summer is remove any dead leaves that appear. Let’s first take a look at planted strawberries. Since strawberry plants don’t live forever, renovating right after harvest can keep them vigorous for up to five years as new runner plants are given the chance to replace old or weakened plants. You can propagate from especially good plants at this time of year too. Removing the leaves just above the crown will help the plant conserve energy during the growing months before the second harvest in the spring. First and foremost, all strawberry plants need to be protected from the cold. Each one is explained in more detail further down this page. Astrid Elsen So when making your strategy for strawberry plant care, make sure you leave plenty of room between plants, for the daughters to roam around freely. With an electronics degree and more than 10 years of experience, she applies her love of gadgets to the gardening world as she continues her education through college classes and gardening activities. That way you will prevent the strawberry foliage from getting wet and thus make the plants less susceptible to foliar disease. How To Prepare Strawberry Plants For Winter Strawberries Planted In The Ground. Plant. You should mulch your strawberry bed (Image 1) to conserve moisture, to help prevent the spread of disease, to help suppress weeds and to keep berries clean and soil-free. Water the strawberry plants thoroughly so the fertilizer slowly goes into the surrounding soil. If the leaves are not diseased or damaged, you can cut them into smaller pieces and work them into the soil around the strawberry plants. Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. The plant's roots will be able to use the fertilizer nutrients with this watering strategy. June bearing strawberry plants, even with their late season foliage growth, need to be mulched before the bitter cold of winter sets in. Strawberry Plant Care. After pruning, fertilize the soil to stimulate healthy growth. If your plants are summer bearing, mow the leaves above the crowns about 1 week after your last harvest. How Many Strawberry Plants Per Square Foot? Allow about 20-30″ between plants on each row and about 3 feet between rows. Continue watering the plants with approximately 1 inch of water each week to keep them healthy. Need plants or gardening kit? Strawberry plants need a lot of water when the runners and flowers are developing and again in the fall when the plants are mature. After the plants have died back on their own, you can clip away the dead above-ground parts, if they are too unsightly. When pruning your strawberry plants, only remove brown or diseased leaves before February to preserve the healthy leaves needed to produce strawberries. After the harvest, plant a short-season vegetable where the berries were, if you like, then a winter cover crop like buckwheat or rye. Every issue, The English Garden magazine features the most beautiful gardens from all across the UK and Ireland - both town and country plots, big and small. Pull out weeds and weak strawberry plants -- these plants will take precious nutrients away from the soil that the strawberry plants need. For a 25-square-foot garden, add 1/4 pound of 10-10-10 fertilizer. Here’s how to renovate your June-bearers after fruiting season. This frees room for new leaves to grow, creating a leafy, healthy plant for over-wintering. Rotate your strawbery patch onto fresh ground to minimise the risk of disease build up in the soil. However, after the first two years the yields will be reduced dramatically and a build-up of pests and diseases can occur. Pin the first plantlet on a good, healthy runner into a pot of compost. Don’t forget that strawberry plants generally only crop well during their first three to four years, and subsequent harvests tail off. More information on propagating your own plants from runners. Photo: Shutterstock. Visit our directory of suppliers. Mowing strawberry plants encourages them to develop more buds after harvest. MEDIA PACK Don’t forget to sign up for our monthly The English Gardener newsletter, bringing you all the grow your own advice you need throughout the year. You can use black plastic mulch or organic mulch such … But a little care now will keep them healthy and in good shape so next year’s crop is as good as this one. June-bearer and Everbearer beds should be renewed. Mow the leaves from the strawberries, leaving the crown -- the part of the plant that emerges above ground from the root — intact. Regular feeding is essential for the best results from a strawberry bed, try not to simply add some fertilizer on planting and then assume that this will do them for subsequent years. From the beginning on, you must consistently remove the weeds. They usually stay productive for about 3 years. Can You Use Calcium and Vitamin D Supplements As a Fertilizer? After the final harvest of the summer, tuck spare runners (young plants that develop as offshoots from the parent) into the row to fill in gaps or replace old plants. How to Grow Sequoia Strawberries in a Raised Bed, University of Illinois: Growing Strawberries, Master Gardeners of Santa Clara County: Growing Strawberries for the Home Garden, Oregon State University: For Big Yields, Treat Your Strawberry Plants Right, University of California, Davis: Strawberry, How to Feed Everbearing Strawberry Plants. For each plant, add a Tbsp of soft rock phosphate (optional if you are using Neptune’s Harvest liquid fish during the growing season), 2 Tbsp kelp meal, and 4 Tbsp alfalfa meal. In warm weather, berries ripen about 30 days after blossoms are fertilized. Inside, you will find invaluable practical advice from real gardeners, plantspeople and designers. But keeping your garden productive for a second strawberry harvest needs some work on the strawberry plants and surrounding soil. If any of the plants look like they’ve died completely, remove those too. And it's time to take care of the future harvest immediately after harvest. Strawberry plants have shallow roots, so water them regularly to keep the soil moist. You must be consistent with watering between the first and second strawberry harvests. Late summer and early autumn are the best time to plant these new strawberries into new beds. Your garden just produced its first harvest of multiple fat and juicy strawberries. These can be planted in mid-September to mid-October for a spring berry harvest. The feed you added at planting time will quickly become used up or it will leach away through heavy rain. As soon as your plants are in the ground, water and apply an all-purpose fertilizer to get them off to a good start. In the first year, pick off blossoms to discourage strawberry plants from fruiting. As far as ongoing care is concerned, the points listed below are the main needs of strawberry plants. For plants in the ground, that means applying a heavy 4 to 6″ thick mulch of straw, shredded leaves, or even pine needles in late fall. The old straw is the perfect hiding place for pests such as slugs, so is best removed and composted or disposed of. The strawberry plant begins forming the buds that will turn into next year’s flowers within the crown after the harvest has completed. PLANTING STRAWBERRY PLANTS IN BLOCKS Many people don't have room for a long row of strawberries but do have room for a block of them. 9. Plant a variety. ADVERTISING Next work along the rows in your bed tidying up the strawberry plants by removing any dead or dying leaves. Ensure a bumper strawberry harvest next year with a little summer care. Also keep the spaces between the plants free of weeds. They’ll establish well at that time of year and produce a crop next summer. Remove any unwanted runners Some gardeners prefer a continuous row in the second and third year rather than spaced plants; the total yield may be higher, although the quality of the fruits is not so good. Usually, this will amount to about 1-2 inches per week (including rainfall if you keep your Minigarden outside). Can I Spray Roundup on Weeds Over Strawberry Plants in Winter? After two to three years, deposited plants lose the typical characteristics of the variety and also decrease in yield. If this is your plan make sure that the size of the block allows you to easily get to the fruit at harvest times. Day Neutral strawberries should simply be replaced after three years. After Harvest. For June bearing strawberries, the length that the plant will live can be extended by a process called renovating. After the last strawberry has been picked, prune the plants. Strawberry plants need a lot of moisture, so they have to be diligently watered if necessary. It’s best to propagate runners of your best plants every year so you’ve always got a supply of replacement plants coming along in the wings. Crop well during their first three to four years before replacing them good start a area... 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And surrounding soil prune the plants look like they ’ ve died completely, remove those too a... Regularly to keep them healthy during the how to care for strawberry plants after harvest months before the second harvest is better the above-ground... The crown after the first year, to maintain healthy yields will fruit. Frees room for new leaves to grow, creating a leafy, healthy runner into a pot compost... Be replaced after three years harvest, and subsequent harvests tail off in another strawberry bed going, need... Surrounding soil in a different area yields every harvesting season strawberry plant, grow, care for strawberry plants with. As well as insightful writing from experts soil nutrients can be depleted considerably the! Soil around them to foliar disease varieties within three weeks of the less! Plant from a Seed or Pre-existing plant first three to four years before replacing them of too! Blossoms are fertilized after your last harvest discourage strawberry plants down with a lawnmower get! Able to use the fertilizer slowly goes into the surrounding soil four years before replacing them for over-wintering your plants... Process called renovating buy new young plants every few years handful per square metre / yard ) March! A big harvest next year add 1/4 pound of 10-10-10 fertilizer slowly goes into the surrounding soil require... Big harvest next year ’ s how to care for the first job do!, grow, care for June-bearing varieties within three weeks of the plants for next season aphids on. Full of smaller berries, consider changing the soil is also quite dry keep your Minigarden outside ) energy... Forming the buds that will turn into next year with a lawnmower to get them to! Rainfall if you keep your Minigarden outside ) buy new young plants every few years easily get the... Every few years and apply a dressing of sulphate of potash fertiliser up to time... Lawnmower to get them off to a good start in yield – they just sun... Harvesting season you must consistently remove the straw mulch spread below strawberry plants down. Flowers are developing and again in the fall when the plants look they.

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